Several factors have conspired to strain the relationship between refugees and their host communities in Uganda. Notably, community peace influencers lack the leadership capacity to offer direction; local government representatives at sub county and village levels lack the logistical capacity to participate in resolving conflicts before they can escalate into violence; the capacity of local peace structures for conflict prevention and resolution is wanting; and so is their capacity in the dissemination information on security, opportunities, etc. Dispute resolution platforms between host community and refugees are weak and peace-promoting intercommunity interactions are barely existent. A huge amount of project investments is anticipated in the settlements but local communities are ill-equipped with employable skills to harness the opportunities. Where the local communities are employable, dissemination of employment information through local community social networks is weak or opportunities for dissemination of employment information are not utilized. The inability to monitor regional conflicts in order to predict refugee flows is also hurting the ability of responders to plan effectively. The lack of information of the conflict is fueling fear and mistrust with host communities. Moreover, the unsustainable use of natural resources including water, biomass, and land continues to trigger fresh conflicts between refugees and their hosts.